William Aaron Stalling

Rank: Corporal
Service Number: 185
Unit: 36th Battalion
Date of Death: 12 October 1917
Cemetery: Tyne Cot Cemetery, Belgium

When Corporal William Stalling was killed in action in October 1917, he became one of four sets of brothers from the Granite Belt and Amosfield communities to die in World War I. William’s brother, Private Edwin Stalling had died of wounds at Messines just three months earlier. They joined brothers Arthur and Edwin Hindmarsh, Charles and Lionel Lee, and Alfred and Walter Potts to die in World War I. The impact of these losses on their families is unimaginable. The collective grief of the community was compounded as William became one of eight men from the adjoining districts to die during a fortnight in the Battle of Passchendaele.

William Aaron Stalling

According to research undertaken by John Stalling, of Tenterfield, William (Will) Aaron Stalling was born in February 1897, the seventh child of Frederick and Elizabeth Stalling. Like his brother Edwin, Will grew up on the Cemetery Creek tin mines and attended the Amosfield Public School. Will played tuba in the Amosfield Brass Band and was employed in the timber industry at Mallanganee, NSW.

At the age of 25 years and one month, William undertook his medical at Tenterfield on 31 January 1916.

Together with his older brother Robert, William joined A Company of the 36th Battalion at Liverpool on 2 February 1916. The 36th Battalion became known as Carmichael’s Thousand Riflemen. Robert was soon discharged as medically unfit but William embarked overseas on active service on 15 May aboard HMAT Beltana from Sydney. He disembarked in Devonport, England, on 9 August and following further training he sailed from Southampton to join the fighting on the Western Front on 22 November.

On 4 December, the 36th Battalion began moving from its billets in Armentieres into the front line at the Railway Crossing Nouvel Houplines. Over the harsh winter of 1916-17 the battalion moved between the front line and reserve positions in this area. The conditions facing William in January 1917 were harrowing:

Hostile artillery action was severe and targeted the communication trenches. Heavy snow was falling and temperatures were plummeting to a minimum of 15 degrees Fahrenheit (-9.5C) overnight. The men had to contend not only with the severity of the winter but also from the depredations of the rats. These vermin were everywhere and would even eat through equipment to get to the men’s iron rations (Clark 2014, 81).

On 26 May William was admitted to the 9th Australian Field Ambulance with a sprained ankle. He rejoined his battalion two days later. 

The 36th Battalion fought in the Battle of Messines between 6-9 June. The battle was deemed a success but came at a heavy cost for the 36th Battalion. The battalion lost 48 men killed in action and the lists of wounded filled many pages of the Battalion’s War Diary (Clark 2014, 123).  

Will was promoted to Lance Corporal on 12 June and on 14 September he was promoted to Corporal.

In early October, he prepared to join the fighting at Ypres, Belgium:

The men of the 36th Battalion now moved inexorably closer to the bloodbath that was forever associated with the village of Passchendaele. They moved into a land that had been transformed into a place of devastation, shell-holes full of putrid water, tracks of mud hastily covered in duckboards to give some traction and the dead and wounded still lying pitifully on the ground. (Clark 2014, 166).

On 12 October the 36 Battalion, as part of the 9th Brigade, joined the attack on the Passchendaele Ridge. Fighting through the rain and mud and in the face of unwieldy machine gun and trench mortar fire, the attack by the 9th Brigade floundered.  The Brigade lost 49 officers and 915 other ranks in the carnage that day. Corporal William Stalling was one of these casualties. 

Details of Will’s death are provided in his Red Cross File:

1693 Sergeant Arthur Smith, of Sydney stated:

I knew Stalling he was in A. Company, 3rd Platoon with me. It happened at Passchendaele on 12.10.17 and I saw him as I walked back wounded. Private Chigwidden had helped to carry him out, and told me Stalling had died on the way out.

2089 Private George Jones, of Newcastle gave his account:

They hopped over early in the morning, and just as they were going over, Stalling was killed outright by a shell. Informant was about 10 yards away, and saw Stalling fall, but could not wait to investigate, as he had to keep going in the advance. He never saw Stalling again, neither did he hear where he was buried.

W.Williams told the Red Cross:

We attacked at 6am and about 1/4 hour later Stalling was hit by a shell. He was killed immediately. I saw him after he was killed, but I do not know where he was buried.


Stalling W - Tomstone at Tyne Cot Cemetery in Passchendaele

he 36th Battalion came out of the fighting on 12 October with only five unwounded officers and 147 men. In the most appalling conditions, the 3rd Australian Division suffered 3,199 casualties and the 4th Australian Division 1,108 casualties at Passchendaele on 12 October.

Private Alfred Potts, of Stanthorpe, died of wounds he received in the fighting at Passchendaele on this day.

The service record of Corporal William Stalling contains a report dated 15 November 1917 that he was buried by Reverend F.G. Sherring in Tyne Cot Cemetery at Passchendaele. William was 27 years old.

The epitaph on William’s headstone reads:


Frederick Augustus Stalling, William’s eldest brother, and next of kin, received William’s war medals, memorial scroll, and memorial plaque.

William is remembered on both the Amosfield-Liston and Mallanganee war memorials.


Clark, M.A. (2014). Carmichael’s 1000. A History of 36th Battalion, AIF, 1916-1918. Their Triumphs and Their Trials. 1st Edition. Loftus. Australian Military History Publications.


Corporal William Stalling 185. Courtesy John Stalling.

Australian War Memorial Collection. P05301.280. Studio portrait of 185 Pte (later Cpl) William Aaron Stalling, 36th Battalion, of Tenterfield, NSW.  

185 Corporal William Aaron Stalling. Courtesy John Stalling.

184 Private Robert John Stalling. Courtesy John Stalling.

Mallanganee War Memorial. NSW. Courtesy John Stalling.

Tyne Cot Cemetery, Passchendaele, Belgium.